Basements, by nature, are prone to flooding. Flooding basements have different roots and causes, and consequently, can be prevented with the help of some simple steps. This article clearly explains both of them to ensure that readers can help you to understand and handle How To Prevent Basement Flooding.
What are the Comun Causes Of Basement Flooding:
Pipes Are Busted, Leaking, Or Broken:
Underground pipes have become quite common today. They are all about facilitating the residents in a somewhat ‘out of sight, out of mind scenario. But even with all these benefits and advantages, these underground pipe systems come with a relatively significant disadvantage.
It’s too late in many cases when an underground pipe has burst open or is leaking or broken. The reason for that can be exposed to humidity or extreme pressure.
These leaking pipes are perhaps, one of the most common reasons for flooding the basement because, again, the leak might have started small; it will get bigger and bigger with time, causing other damage and flooding.
The Basement Is Near Sewer/ Water Main Pipes/ Ground Water:
In some cases, your basement is below the groundwater level, which can cause flooding. Also, we previously mentioned that pipes are located underground, including sewers and water main supply lines. Due to any damage, they can burst open, causing water to leak in the surrounding soil, and the gravity does the rest by allowing that water to seep into the basement.
Location Of Home:
The location of your home also matters. Suppose your home is situated on an area of the downward slope, so whenever it rains or snows, the water or melting water, in the latter case, travels in a downward direction. All of that water surrounds your home, entering your backyard, and eventually, the basement.
Basement Is Not Sealed Properly:
Whenever a basement is built, the last steps always involve sealing foundations, tiles, and flooring. It’s necessary, especially in the areas with weather including storms, frequent rain, hurricanes, and snow.
If the sealing is not done correctly, the rainwater and melting snow can quickly enter the basement, causing it to flood. This will be a more common occurrence with the weather patterns mentioned above.
Downspouts Are Not Properly Installed:
The primary purpose of downspouts is to redirect the water away from your home along with its foundation. So imagine what would happen if one of them is indeed broken or missing.
In simple words, the otherwise redirected water will gather in puddles around the houses. It will slowly seep into the home, directly going to the basement, or in the worst case, in the foundations.
Failure Of Drainage Tiles:
Today, most homes have a drainage system built around them to direct the water away from the house, one of which is the drainage tile. If some part of it is broken or not correctly installed, the water can gather back in the house, seeping in the walls and floors and eventually flooding the basement.
Sewage System Is Blocked:
Due to dust or debris, the sewage pipes can become blocked, and gutters can overflow. This can also cause flooding in the basement, as that water does not have any other place to go.
True, basement flooding is not a small problem and may seem like an unsolvable one, but it can be prevented.
How To Prevent Basement Flooding:
Seal All The Cracks:
Often enough, you might see cracks occur in the floor and walls of your basement. The reason for that can be various so that we won’t go into the detail of that. However, whenever you see them, get them sealed immediately without any delay. Even if they are not visible frequently, try to find them yourself regularly.
Install And Maintain Downspouts, Drainage Tiles, And Other Drainage Methods:
We already mentioned above how downspouts and drainage tiles help keep the water away from the basement and foundations of your home. Hence get them installed promptly, maintain them regularly, and get them repaired immediately in case of leakage or broken pipe.
Proper Sealing Of Walls and Floors Of Basement:
Again, we have mentioned how vital floor and wall sealing is in a basement. So when the sealing process is done, make sure it is done correctly with suitable quality materials.
Later, immediately call someone to seal in the cracks without any delay whenever you see a crack.
Use Proper Landscaping Techniques:
Who doesn’t like formal gardens with perhaps a water fixture? But most of these landscaping techniques demand proper care and consideration.
So when doing such kind of project, make sure that the garden floor is sloping opposite to the walls, and take other precautions like installing French drains, rain gardens, green roofs, etc.
Clean Out The Gutters Regularly:
Overflowing gutters are not the cause for just flooding the basement, but also that unbearable stench and unacceptable hygienic conditions. This makes it necessary to clean them out regularly and properly.
Maintain Sewage And Septic Tanks:
Again, any blockage can cause overflowing water from sewage and septic tanks, regularly flooding the basement. So before it reaches that point, run proper maintenance and clean them out regularly with appropriate cleaning supplies to lessen the problem later on.
And Finally, Install A Sump Pump:
Sump pumps are ingenious devices that are supposed to prevent the buildup of water in the basement by sucking it out and then redirecting it elsewhere so that it won’t cause harm.
This might be perhaps the best solution to the problem of basement flooding. So if nothing else, at least install a sump pump with backup power to prevent any mishap later on.